I still just can’t get enough of the N54 even after 4 years with this car. It sucked not having seen the end of the E92Fan N54 engine build on e90post from a year or two ago. I truly enjoyed everything he was doing but we were never updated on what happened with the engine/car and how it ran after the build for reasons discussed before (owner was too busy getting his restaurant business to work out).
A couple days ago I decided to dive into the incredible N54 jewel under the hood of every 335 and see what this unbreakable beast is all about with my own two eyes, live, after 125,000km of beating, of which the last 40,000km were with RB turbos with the procede, jb4, cobb, combinations of tunes, over 100 gallons of methanol/water/washer fluid, race gas, 4 clutches (stock, cm, act, hpf now), 4 sets of plugs, injector and HPFP recall, year long cylinder 5 misfires, earlier smoking issues, and most of all: oil consumption that was having me add 1L of oil every 1500km (without any noticeable major smoke) and apparent traces of coolant that were found in the Used Oil Analysis reports by Blackstone Labs posted on here in the past while. These traces of coolant had me thinking my head gasket may have a tiny crack in it but I was very doubtful and contributed it to either meth/water injection or oil/coolant mixing elsewhere where they were in close proximity.
Now, this car was DRIVEN! This motor has seen over 150 dragstrip passes. It has seen literally hundreds of 3rd, 4th gear pulls, close to 200 dyno pulls, at least 50-60 60-130mph runs, countless datalogs. Its looked the devil in the face, SPIT in between its horns and came right back up
To make the long story short, engine is shockingly CLEAN. Truly pristine condition everywhere. We started by dropping the turbos. Then down came the oil pan. Then, valve cover. No oil sludge anywhere from the timing chain to the cam bearings to the under side of the valve cover. Clean!
Then came the vanos and timing sprockets and timing chain. Out came both the cams. Looking at them made me think I was looking at something that was literally just off the machine shop floor. I couldn’t believe how smooth everything was still after 125,000km of daily hard driving and abuse.
Next up was removing the head. It came off without a fight. Head gasket, a 3 piece multi layer design, perfect. Not a single issue, I could almost put it right back in of course not but I was just pleasantly surprised as I had tiny doubts about it.
Now come the pistons and this just took my breath away. Every single piston had literally no heavy carbon deposits on it after this much time. The piston tops were basically just darker but again, clean! No visible damage anywhere. Cylinder walls had absolutely no grooves or damage of any kind. To the touch they were as if I was touching bottom of a smooth porcelain dinner plate.
The bottoms of intake and exhaust valves on the front cylinders did have a bit of carbon buildup. Cylinder 2 did have a leaky fuel injector that was fixed under warranty a long time ago and may have contributed to it. But this is also nothing major at all. However, it might explain why I was getting cyl2 and cyl5 to act up sometimes with timing corrections while other cylinders were quiet.
The ONLY noticeable issue, if I can call it that which I found, was that the injector 6 looks to have not been sealing properly. When we took it out and had a look inside the injector holes, injector 6 hole had some discolouration coming down the hole. This can be indicative that cyl6 didn’t have full compression for some time and was robbing the engine of some power.
But that’s it folks. I am pleasantly surprised with the outcome. Here’s some pics I could capture as we were pulling things off last night. They’re off my Galaxy Nexus phone so don’t mind the quality. Phone died just before we lifted the head off so more pics of the bottom of the head, head gasket and pistons will come shortly.
If anyone would like to see closeups of anything, measurements of anything, let me know. Head is off to the machine shop to see what it flows stock and what can be done to enhance its performance further.
14 thoughts on “BMW N54 Cylinder Head Upgrade – Part 1”
So what kind of oil were you using and weight?
OEM for the first 80,000km, then Mobil1 0w-40 (not recommended), then Castrol Edge 5w-30 gold bottle (highly recommended) and now back to OEM 5w-30
What do you think of Royal Purple HPS 5- 30 or XPR 5-30, Would you also use a 5-40 do to the temps under the hood and turbos. I understand that OEM oil is made by Castrol?. Thanks for taking time to answer these questions..
Haven’t tried those on my car but in general I try to stay away from Royal Purple as I haven’t heard many great experiences in the past.
Do you think that you cyl6 misfire could have been from a binding lifter?
No. All lifters have been inspected when the cylinder head was lifted for porting and everything was in pristine condition.
You used a thicker head gasket to lower CR right? What part number did you use? would this work for someone with stock head?
Essentially, yes. We didn’t need to as the head’s bottom didn’t need machining or straightening. Head was just lapped and a new head gasket was used. Part number for the thicker gasket is: 11127557266 (1.52mm thick) which is 0.3mm thicker than the original OEM head gasket.
Quick question, did you have to remove the engine to replace the head gasket. The manual calls for it to be removed??? Thanks!
There is no need to remove the engine from the engine bay.
Thank you and really good news, anything I should be aware of other than the special tools which I lucky have?
If you’re looking for a little drop in compression go with the a bit thicker OEM headgasket. It’ll drop compression about .2-.3 points but you’ll need to get the car retuned to get the power back and go a bit more on pump gas. Worked out well on my car after retuning. If you put in the thicker OEM head gasket but don’t retune you’ll lose power on the tune.
Hi , how it go with the head modding ?
I still have my stage 3 head from VAC laying in my storage together with new Vargas st 2 turbos ….
No garage sucks …
Plan is to buy new tranny for alpina flash , since I got 1gen tranny(mechtronic), and buy a stock driven engine block to use as core for new engine build.
Im just unsure if im capable to install the new head onto engine block without ant specialist knowledge. Plan to make a complete build on a jig holding engine and later install tranny with engine as a complete swap.
Also , how is it with new tune for car with .3 thicker gasket ? Any difference over tuned with stock gasket ?
I wouldn’t suggest doing the head unless you’re going for a larger than stock frame turbo setup (e.g. big single). The gains won’t be worthwhile on stock frame turbos for the amount of work and money involved. I’d strongly advise working with a knowledgable shop to get the engine work done. It is way to costly to make mistakes there. I’d say the gasket should be used as recommended from BMW and that is if you’re shaving some material off the cylinder head I’d go with a thicker version. Good luck ;)